DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20213980

Management of visceral arterial pseudoaneurysms in patients with acute and chronic pancreatitis: a retrospective study from South Indian tertiary care centre

Afroj Ismail Bagwan, Kalyansundarbharathi Chidambaram, Sugaprakash Sankareswaran, Prabhakaran Raju, Sugumar Chidambaranathan, Naganath Babu Obla Lakshamanamoorthy

Abstract


Background: Visceral artery pseudoaneurysms (VAP) are defined as those affecting celiac, superior or inferior mesenteric arteries and their branches. In this study, role of various therapeutic modalities in the management of VAP caused by acute and chronic pancreatitis were analysed which can influence choice of treatment for a given patient.

Methods: The study was conducted in institute of surgical gastroenterology, Madras medical college and Rajiv Gandhi government general hospital Chennai, based on retrospective analysis of 41 patients diagnosed with VAP caused by acute and chronic pancreatitis admitted between the periods of September 2014 and January 2020. The medical records of all patients were retrieved and descriptive statistical analyses was carried out regarding various details including demographics, presentation, management and complications.

Results: This study includes 41 patients with mean age of 39.73±10.54 (SD) years and 40 (97.56%) of them were males. Fifteen patients (36.59%) had acute pancreatitis and 26 patients (63.41%) had chronic pancreatitis. Pseudocysts were found in 25 (60.98%) patients. Pseudoaneurysm arose most commonly from splenic artery (n=32; 78.04%). The most common symptom was abdominal pain (n=40) followed by gastrointestinal bleeding (n=28). Sixteen patients (39%) received primary radiological reintervention (n=16). Twenty-five patients (60.98%) underwent primary surgical treatment (n=25). Rebleeding was seen in 3 patients (7.32%). Twenty-three patients (56.1%) developed complications. Mortality rate was 5/41 (12.2%).

Conclusions: Pseudoaneurysms are fatal complications of pancreatitis. Angiographic embolization, when available, is the initial treatment of choice in hemodynamically stable patients. Surgery in experienced hands will still remain main modality in treating these patients in centres that lack a full-fledged angiographic facility with acceptable outcomes.

 


Keywords


Pseudoaneurysm, Visceral artery pseudoaneurysm, Pancreatitis

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