Effectiveness of Mannheim peritonitis index scoring system in predicting the morbidity and mortality in peritonitis due to hollow viscous perforation

Sachin Murukanahalli Basavaraju, Akshatha Hebbale Srinivas, Rakshitha Janardan


Background: To study the spectrum and prognostic factor in perforation peritonitis. To evaluate the outcome of patients and identification of high risk patients using Mannheim peritonitis index.

Methods: 80 patients with hollow viscous perforation admitted in the Dept. of Surgery Adhichuchanagiri Institute of Medical sciences from January 2019 to June 30 2020 were included in the study. Necessary data was collected; MPI score was calculated for each patient and analysis done.

Results: The number of post-operative complications, hospital stay and mortality proportionately increased with the MPI score. In our study Age >50 years, Organ failure at admission pre operatively and MPI scoring found to be statistically significant. Out of the 8 variables used in this scoring system, age more than 50 years and organ failure on admission carried more significance in predicting the morbidity and mortality in the post operative period than the other variables.

Conclusions: Mannheim peritonitis index is a simple and effective method in predicting the mortality and morbidity of patients with hollow viscous perforation.


Peritonitis, Scoring systems, Outcome predictors

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