DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20202807

Current results of arterial injuries seen at femoral and popliteal arteries in civil society

Metin O. Beyaz, Ibrahim Demir, Emin C. Ata

Abstract


Background: Lower extremity arterial injuries caused by penetrating or fired-gun trauma may result in limb or loss of life. Early intervention has critical importance. The aim of this study was to investigate the importance of early intervention and outcomes.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the data on 144 patients (18 females, 126 males) who were treated in Istanbul Medipol University Hospital between January 2016 to 2018. All patients had an arterial injury at level of femoral and popliteal arteries. Standard statistical methods were used for data analysis.

Results: Revascularization was performed to all 144 (18 females, 126 males) patients. Autologous saphenous vein graft interposition was performed in 96 patients. End-to-end repair was performed in 39 patients. 9 patients underwent a polytetrafluoroethylene graft (8 mm ringed) interposition.

Conclusions: All viable limbs should be revascularized rapidly. The primary goal is to provide bleeding control rapidly and to prevent the prolongation of ischemic time. It should be kept in mind that in addition to surgical technique, fasciotomy may be required in arterial injuries with ischemic time of more than 6-8 hours.


Keywords


Arterial injuries, Lower limb injuries, Penetrating traumas, Graft interposition

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