DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20203247

Incidence of thyroid pathologies requiring thyroid surgeries in a tertiary care hospital

Anuradha Panchal, Aniket Ray, Raj Gautam, Aashay Shah, Chandan Singh, Shantanu Chandrashekhar, Yashraj Shah, Ashwanth Krishna Kumar G., Mehreen Shahid

Abstract


Background: Diseases of the thyroid gland are one of the most common endocrine disorders in India and the world, many of these diseases require surgery for their treatment. The incidence of thyroid diseases differs from one geographical area to another. This study was aimed at finding out the thyroid pathologies for which thyroid surgeries were performed in D. Y. Patil Hospital, Nerul, Navi Mumbai.

Methods: It is a retrospective analysis of all the patients who have undergone thyroid surgeries (lobectomy, hemithyroidectomy, subtotal or near total thyroidectomy or total thyroidectomy) in D. Y. Patil hospital, Nerul, Navi Mumbai from 1st January 2018 to 31st December 2019 (2 years duration).

Results: Most common pathology for which thyroidectomy was performed was colloid goitre (41.33%). Benign diseases of the thyroid was much more common (76%) than malignant diseases (24%). Most common malignancy was papillary carcinoma thyroid. Thyroid surgeries were most commonly performed on women in their 5th decade of life.

Conclusions: Colloid goitre was the most common pathology for which thyroid surgeries were performed and females in their 5th decade of life were the most common patients undergoing thyroidectomy. 


Keywords


Colloid goitre, Hashimotos thyroiditis, Papillary carcinoma thyroid, Thyroidectomy

Full Text:

PDF

References


Lal G, Clark OH. Thyroid parathyroid and adrenal. In: Brunicardi FC, Anderson DK, Billiar TR, Dunn DL, Hunter JG, Matthews JB, et al, editors. Schwartz principles of surgery. 9th Ed. Network: McGrew Hill; 2010:1343-1408.

Unnikrishnan AG, Menon UV, Thyroid disorders in India: An epidemiological perspective. Indian J Endocr Metab. 2011;15:78-81.

Bayliss RIS, Tunbridge WMG. Thyroid disease. The fact, Oxford University press: New York. Toronto; 1982.

Bukhari U, Sadiq S. Histopathological audit of goitre: A study of 998 lesions. Pak J Med Sci. 2008;24:442-6.

Galofre JC, Lomvardlias S, Davies TF. Evaluation and treatment of thyroid nodules: a clinical guide. Mt Sinai J Med. 2008;75:299-311.

Morganti S, Ceda GP, Saccani M, Milli B, Ugolloti D, Prampolini R, et al. Thyroid disease in the elderly: sex- related differences in clinical expression. J Endocrinol Invest. 2005;28(11):101-4.

Elhamel A, Sherif I, Wassef S. The pattern of thyroid disease in closed community of 1.5 million people. Saudi Med J. 1988;9:481-4.

Joseph E, Varghese A, Celine TM, Matthai A, Poothiode U. A study on the histopathological pattern of thyroid lesions in a tertiary care hospital. Int J Res Med Sci. 2016;4(12):5252-5.