DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20201898

Hepatic hydatid cyst: a masquerader

Krishan Kumar Kanhaiya, Bhimsi Kandoriya, Vineet Pandey, Viresh Kumar, Sushanto Neogi

Abstract


Liver is the most common organ involved in echinococcosis. Organs affected by E granulosus are the liver (63%), lungs (25%) and muscles (5%). Rest of the organs are rarely affected.  Adrenal cysts are uncommon. Their size may range widely and the origin of large adrenal cysts is often difficult to distinguish from other organs, including the kidney, pancreas, spleen, and liver. A large right-sided adrenal cystic mass can rarely be mistaken for a hepatic cyst by imaging. In this report, authors have described an adrenal cyst in a 28 year old lady, who was diagnosed preoperatively to have a hepatic hydatid cyst but intraoperatively it was found to be of adrenal origin. The size of the adrenal cyst can vary from a few millimetres up to 50 cm in diameter. Majority of the adrenal cysts are unilateral, while 8-10% of those cysts have been noted to be present bilaterally. The majority of cases are diagnosed between the 3rd and 6th decades. Although uncommon, Adrenal cyst should be considered as one of the differential diagnosis of upper abdominal cysts. Surgical excision is advisable when the cysts are symptomatic, greater than 5 cm in diameter and in the case of suspecting malignancy.

 


Keywords


Hepatic cyst, Adrenal cyst, Hydatid cyst

Full Text:

PDF

References


McDougal WS, Wein AJ, Kavoussi LR, Partin AW, Peters CA. Campbell-Walsh Urology 11th ed. Review E-Book. Elsevier Health Sci; 2015.

Neri LM, Nance FC. Management of adrenal cysts. Am Surg. 1999;65(2):151.

Otal P, Escourrou G, Mazerolles C, D'Othee BJ, Mezghani S, Musso S, et al. Imaging features of uncommon adrenal masses with histopathologic correlation. Radiographics. 1999;19(3):569-81.

Sanal HT, Kocaoglu M, Yildirim D, Bulakbasi N, Guvenc I, Tayfun C, et al. Imaging features of benign adrenal cysts. Europ J Radiol. 2006;60(3):465-9.

Bellantone R, Ferrante A, Raffaelli M, Boscherini M, Lombardi CP, Crucitti F. Adrenal cystic lesions: report of 12 surgically treated cases and review of the literature. J Endocrinolog Investigat. 1998;21(2):109-14.