Early and late outcomes of TEP and Lichtenstein repair for recurrent inguinal hernia repair in men: a comparative study
Keywords:Laparoscopy, Lichtenstein repair, Recurrent hernia
Background: Repair operation for recurrent inguinal hernia is a more exigent than the primary inguinal hernia. Open hernia repair associated with lower recurrence and fewer complications while the Laparoscopic repair associated with less pain postoperatively, early recovery time with subsequent earlier return to activity and better results regarding the wound.
Methods: From November 2015 to March 2019, a total of 86 patients were randomized. 42 patients were recruited to total extra-peritoneal repair (TEP) group and 44 patients for Lichtenstein group. Overall, 86 were operated in general surgery department, Menoufia University hospitals.
Results: The mean age of patients was 41.3±14.4, range from (25-55 years). One conversion occurred in the TEP group to Lichtenstein. Operative time was significantly low in TEP group (82.7 min) compared to Lichtenstein group (108 min). Hospital stay was significantly less in TEP group (1 day) compared to Lichtenstein group (1.8 days). Patients undergoing Lichtenstein repair have significant earlier oral intake than TEP group (3.7 vs. 6.6 hours). 12 cases developed seroma in Lichtenstein group with significant p value (0.001). This study showed less immediate and early VAS score in TEP group (2.3) versus high VAS score in Lichtenstein group (5.9) with highly significant p value (0.0001).
Conclusions: TEP offer excellent results than LR for treatment of unilateral or bilateral recurrent inguinal hernia with lower morbidity and less incidence of post-operative pain with subsequent earlier return to normal activities.
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