Patterns of complications and outcome of laparoscopic cholecystectomy
Keywords:Early recovery, Low complication, Safe laparoscopic cholecystectomy
Background: Cholelithiasis is known to be one of the most common biliary pathologies. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the gold standard for the removal of the gallbladder, because of its cosmetic benefit, short stay, cost-effective and lesser side effects. But no procedure is immune to complications and other procedure-related side effects. The present study was conducted to study the patterns of complications and outcome of laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Methods: the present study was conducted prospectively on patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy for symptomatic gall bladder pathology. the patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were distributed and analysed on various parameters i.e. age, sex, ultrasound abdomen findings, complications related to access, per-operative condition of gallbladder, per-operative and postoperative complication.
Results: In our study cases major complication rate 1% leading to biliary stricture for which hepaticojejunostomy was done, minor complication rate 11% and conversion to open cholecystectomy rate 2%.
Conclusions: It is concluded that laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the safe and standard procedure for the laparoscopic cholecystectomy and its major complication are preventable by strictly following the basic principles of laparoscopic cholecystectomy and keeping a low level of the threshold for converting to open cholecystectomy.
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