Evaluation of mesh fixation versus non-fixation in laparoscopic mesh hernioplasty in inguinal hernias

Shubra Kochar, Dipanshu Kakkar, Devendra Pal Singh



Background: Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair (LIHR) is usually done by two methods, which vary in approach to the preperitoneal space; transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) and totally extraperitoneal (TEP). This study aimed at comparing the effect of mesh fixation and non-fixation in terms of operative time, hospital stay, analgesic requirement, complications and cost analysis with respect to fixation device in LIHR.

Methods: This prospective randomized comparative study included 60 patients of inguinal hernias admitted to the Department of Surgery at Rajendra Hospital, G.M.C, Patiala from July 2016 to September 2017 (duration of study was 15 months). Cases were divided into two groups by draw of lots with group A as mesh fixation (n=30) and group B as non-fixation (n=30).

Results: The results were calculated with chi square test (p value). Results were found to be not significant in two groups in the terms of postoperative analgesia, complications i.e. (intraoperative, postoperative and long term) postoperative hospital stay and time to return for work. The cost of procedure was found to be very high in Group A and results were highly significant (p<0.001).

Conclusion: LIHR repair without mesh fixation shows advantages over mesh fixation, which includes significant less cost of surgery, with comparable intraoperative, postoperative and long-term complications (with no increase in hernia recurrence), hospital stay and mean operative time. Hence, our study favours LIHR without mesh fixation a valuable alterative option.


Hernia, Laparoscopic hernia repair, TEP, TAPP, LIHR

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