DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20190809

A comparative study between local injection of autologous platelet rich plasma and injection of corticosteroid in functional improvement of plantar fasciitis

Vithal Prakash Puri, Anil Kumar Gaur

Abstract


Background: Plantar fasciitis is a common cause of heel pain in adults. Although it is usually a self-limiting condition, the pain may become prolonged and severe enough to cause significant distress and disruption to the patient’s daily activities and work. The primary objective of the study was to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of autologous platelet rich plasma (PRP) and steroid injections in chronic cases of plantar fasciitis (PF).

Methods: A prospective, randomized study was conducted from December 2013 to December 2015 amongst 60 patients with chronic PF were randomized prospectively in single tertiary care center in India. All the patients were enrolled according to inclusion criteria and divided into 2 groups i.e. group A (n=30) received PRP and group B (n=30) received corticosteroids injections. Roles and Maudsley score (RM Score) and Foot Function Index (FFI) was evaluated for all the included patients. The follow-up scheduled at 1 and 6 months after complete enrolment of patients.

Results: Between both the groups, the significant difference was observed at 1 and 6 months follow-up from the baseline. At 1-month follow-up, statistically significant improvement in mean RM scores were seen in both the groups from baseline and when RM scores were compared between two groups, group B had statistically better mean scores. At 1-month follow-up there was no statistically significant difference between the mean FFI score values between two groups. At 6-month follow-up, statistically significant improvement in mean FFI scores were seen in both the groups, however when both groups were compared to each other, improvement in mean FFI scores was statistically better in group A as compared to group B.

Conclusions: The present study concluded the use of PRP in chronic cases of plantar fasciitis seems more safe and effective in long term than the traditional treatment of steroid injection at different time period.


Keywords


Foot function index, Plantar fasciitis, Platelet-rich plasma, Roles and Maudsley score

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