DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20184707

Breast cancer awareness among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary healthcare centre in Mangalore, India

Nitu Joy, Caren D’Souza, Clement R. S. D’Souza

Abstract


Background: Breast cancer is currently one of the leading causes of cancer related deaths in India. Early detection of breast cancer can improve the survival rates. The aim of this study was to assess the breast cancer awareness among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary healthcare centre in Mangalore, India. This was an observational study conducted among 95 medical students from first to final year in a tertiary healthcare centre.

Methods: Data was collected using a standard self-administered questionnaire. Participants were given printed copies of the questionnaire and were given time to fill their responses in a confidential setting. Participants were then asked to return these questionnaires anonymously. Statistical analysis used- Frequency distribution statistics.

Results: All the participants had good knowledge about breast cancer and 78.94 % had good overall awareness about Breast self-examination (BSE). 88.42 % of the participants believed that breast cancer is curable. 75.78 % of the participants knew the technique of performing BSE and around 98.93% agreed that BSE is important. Almost all the participants (98.94%) stated that Breast self-examination, Clinical breast examination and Mammogram can detect breast cancer.

Conclusions: To improve the breast cancer awareness in the community, more effective health education programmes will be required to enlighten healthcare professionals as well as the general public regarding the risk factors, early detection and management of breast cancer.


Keywords


Breast cancer, Breast cancer awareness, Breast self-examination, Hormone replacement therapy, Mammogram

Full Text:

PDF

References


Kaarthigeyan K. Cervical cancer in India and HPV vaccination. Indian J Med Paediatr Oncol. 2012;33:7-12.

Gupta A, Shridhar K, Dhillon PK. A review of breast cancer awareness among women in India: cancer literate or awareness deficit? Eur J Cancer 2015;51:2058-66.

Porter PL. Global trends in breast cancer incidence and mortality. Salud Publica de M´exico´ 2009;51:s141-s6.

Ali I, Wani WA, Saleem K. Cancer scenario in India with future perspectives. Cancer Therapy. 2011;8:56-70.

Chopra B, Kaur V, Singh K, Verma M, Singh S, Singh A. Age shift: breast cancer is occurring in younger age groups: is it true? Clin Cancer Investig J. 2014;3:526-9.

Ameer K, Abdulie SM, Pal SK, Arebo K, Kassa GG. Breast cancer awareness and practice of breast self-examination among female medical students in Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia. IJIMS. 2014;2:109-19.

Salaudeen AG, Akande TM, Musa OI. Knowledge and attitude to breast cancer and breast self-examination among female undergraduates in states in Nigeria. Eu J Soc Sci. 2009;7(3):157-65.

Sama, CB, Dzekem B, Kehbila J, Ekabe CJ, Vofo B, Abua, NL, et al. Awareness of breast cancer and breast self-examination among female undergraduate students in a higher teacher training college in Cameroon. Pan Afr Med J. 2017;28:91.

Ahmed BA. Awareness and practice of breast cancer and breast self-examination among university students in Yemen. Asian Pacific J Cancer Prev. 2010;11(1):101-5.

Alam A. Knowledge of breast cancer and its risk and protective factors among women in Riyadh. Ann Saudi Med. 2006; 26:272-7.