DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20185025

Surveillance of surgical site infections after cholecystectomy

Jay M. Makadia, Manoj A. Vasava

Abstract


Background: The objective of present study is find out various patient factor including demographic data as well as operative data on occurrence of surgical site infection in patients of cholecyctectomy.

Methods: A Prospective observational study of 273 patients of cholecystitis undergoing cholecystectomies for Surveillance of surgical site infections was conducted in the Department of General Surgery at the SSG hospital and Medical College Baroda during a period from 1st December 2013 to 30th November 2015. All patients operated for cholecystectomy are included irrespective of technique. Data collected from each patient were: Case start date and time, case end date and time, discharge date & time, case length, postoperative length of stay in hospital, patients characteristics (age, sex, ASA score), operative characteristics like, pathological diagnosis report of specimen, microorganism isolated based on culture report and antibiotic resistance pattern from infected wounds, antibiotic prophylaxis given perioperatively and antibiotics administered to treat SSI`s, intra operative spillage and bleeding, date of infection, urgent/elective procedure.

Results: During the period of 24 months total 273 patient were undergone cholecystectomy out of which 12 (4.3%) patients were developed SSI. SSI rate is affected by various factors which are statistically significant are sex of patients, age, type of procedure, ASA score >3.

Conclusions: The overall incidence of SSIs in the present study was 4.3%. The rates of SSI were more in patient with higher age, with male sex, emergency procedure and higher ASA score.


Keywords


Antibiotic prophylaxis, Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Open cholecystectomy, Surgical site infections

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