A comparative study of single layer closure versus conventional layered closure of laparotomy wounds

Akash Bande, Divish Saxena, Prabhat B. Nichkaode, Murtaza Akhtar


Background: The goal of wound closure after laparotomy is to restore the function of the abdominal wall. The techniques for closure of anterior abdominal wall includes either layered closure, modified Smead-Jones technique, mass closure or retention suture or combination of above mentioned techniques. The studies which compared the continuous and interrupted suture techniques have concluded that enmass continuous sutures have an advantage of holding the fascia together. The present study tries to compare the two techniques i.e. single layer closure (mass closure) and layered closure in patients undergoing laparotomy by midline incision in tertiary care hospital.

Methods: 97 patients undergoing either emergency or elective midline laparotomy were included in the study, where in 64 patients laparotomy closure was done in single layer using polypropylene 1-0 and in 33 patients by layered closure where peritoneum was closed with polygalactin 2-0 and linea alba by polypropylene 1-0. Patients were allocated two groups as per convenience of operating surgeon without using any method of randomization.

Results: The single layer closure technique required statistically significant less closure time of 18.2±3.2 minutes as compared to conventional layered closure 26.4±4 minutes time of (p <0.001). Also, the incidence of postoperative complications was found to be comparatively less (17.18%) in single layer closure group as compared to complications (42.42%) in layered closure group.

Conclusions: Single layer closure technique continues to be better than conventional layered closure technique of laparotomy wounds in terms of operative time and post-operative complications.


Enmass closure, Laparotomy wounds, Layered closure

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