Incidence of major biliary injuries associated with laparoscopic cholecystectomy at Al-Karama teaching hospital, Baghdad, Iraq

Ammar Sabah, Hussein Ali Alkumasi, Mohammed Reda AlGhadhban


Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), is a new modality of surgery late surfaced late 1980s. Compared with open cholecystectomy, LC is associated with less local pain, shorter hospitalization resulting in an early return to work, and a favourable cosmetic outcome. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of major biliary injuries associated with LC.

Methods: The patients have been admitted before operation and classical LC was done. Monopolar electrocautery was used. The insertion of postoperative intraperitoneal drain or nasogastric tube depended on the surgeons' preference and opinion. The data was evaluated according to outcome measures, such as bile duct injury, morbidity, mortality and numbers of patients whose operations had to be converted from laparoscopic to open.

Results: One hundred and eighty-three (183) patients were initially included in this study. LC was accomplished successfully in one hundred and sixty-two patients (162), twenty-one have been converted to the conventional open method due to sever adhesions or unclear anatomy and they were excluded from this study. Among those who underwent LC, 5(2.73%) had major biliary injuries, another 6 (3.28) had minor injuries and 7 (3.82%) Spillage of Gallstones to the Peritoneal cavity.

Conclusions: Biliary injury is the Achilles’ heel of laparoscopic Cholecystectomy. It can have devastating effects, turning the individual into a "biliary cripple". They mainly result from anatomical anomalies and errors of human judgment and are thus preventable to some extent.


Biliary, Injuries, Laparoscopic cholecystectomy

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