Port site complications following laparoscopic surgeries: a prospective study

Madan Mohan Mudgal, Pradeep Kumar Kothiya, Naveen Kushwah, Raghvendra Singh


Background: Port site complications are bothersome complications which undermine the benefits of minimal invasive surgery, not only does it add to the morbidity of the patient but also spoil the reputation of the surgeon. Aims and objective of the study was to determine the morbidity associated with the port site complications in laparoscopic surgery and to identify risk factors for complications.

Methods: Three hundred patients having age between 15-50 years admitted for elective laparoscopic procedure were studied. All the patients had preoperative workup and general anaesthesia was given with endotracheal intubation. The patients were observed for any port-site complication during operation and in the immediate and postoperative till three months.

Results: Female preponderance (77.34%) was observed with maximum patients belonging to age group of 41-50 years (31.7%). Majority of the patients were in the BMI range of 18.5-25kg/m2 (53.33%). In 54.66% and45.33% patients Verres needle and Hasson’s (Open) method was used to create pneumoperitoneum. Cholecystectomy was the indication in 80% patients. Port site morbidity was observed in 8.67% patients. As an early port site complication, bleeding, surgical site infection, emphysema and visceral injury was observed in 6, 8, 4 and 1 patient respectively. As a late port site complication, 4 and 3 patients developed hernia and hypertrophic scar respectively.

Conclusions: Port site complications are least in elective laparoscopic surgery.


Body mass index, Endotracheal intubation, Laparoscopic procedure, Port-site complication

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