Diagnostic value of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy prior to elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy for symptomatic cholelithiasis

Indira Khedkar, Dinesh Prasad, Achal Datta


Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is gold standard surgery for symptomatic gall stone disease which is the commonest disease needs surgical management. Present study was conducted to contribute UGI endoscopy as routine preoperative investigation and the importance of UGI endoscopy to evaluate the association between gastrointestinal symptoms with gallstones and reduce the prevalence of post cholecystectomy pain.

Methods: Patients with Ultrasonography suggestive of single or multiple gall stones were included and investigated as per proforma. Upper GI Scopy was done 1 to 2 days prior to laparoscopic cholecystectomy as per inclusion and exclusion criteria. All patients above 18years, with ultrasonographically proven diagnosis of cholelithiasis and with symptoms (typical and atypical) were included.

Results: In present study, author have evaluated the different OGD pathologies the most common site of pathology was stomach (72.5%) that was gastritis. Followed by oesophagitis (55%), and Hiatus hernia (16.5) The most common duodenal pathology was duodenitis (6.25%). In present study, 71 patients had pain in epigastrium at presentation which gradually subsided with no complains of pain in 3 months. Statistically significant reduction in pain was appraised at the end of first week itself (p-value <0.0001).

Conclusions: Certain symptoms associated with gallstones are not alleviated by cholecystectomy itself and requires further exploration, therefore, patients presenting with symptomatic gall stone disease should undergo routine OGD prior to cholecystectomy as many gastrointestinal lesions may coexist which prevents the complete relief of the symptoms after cholecystectomy.


Cholelithiasis, Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy

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