DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-2902.isj20173883

Pedicled omentum hepatorrhaphy in blunt hepatic trauma

Bhavinder K. Arora, Rachit Arora, Akshit Arora

Abstract


Background: The liver is the most common solid viscera injured in motor vehicle accidents. Advances in radiological diagnostic techniques and critical care have increasing trend towards the nonoperative management. Still operative management is needed if there is continuous bleed or haemodynamic instability. The omentum commonly known as policeman of abdomen as it reaches intra-abdominal injury site. It is known to adhere to the site of injury and seals it. It increases the vascularity and starts neoangiogenesis. This produces haemostasis and promotes wound healing.

Methods: In this study 24 patients were managed by this technique of pedicled omentoplasty. These patients were in the age group of 22 to 42 years. There was male dominance, 22 patients were males (91.7%) while only 2 patients were females (8.3%). The use of omentum in packing is described here. The omentum is converted to a pedicled flap based on right omental artery by tailoring it. The active bleeding vessels can be ligated. The whole length of pedicled omentum is packed in liver cavity. Using liver sutures two or more sutures are applied for stabilization.

Results: On exploration, the hepatic injury was assigned grade as per AAST liver injury scale. Out of 24 patients included in this study; two (8.33%) were grade I patients, three (12.5%) were grade II patients, nine (37.5%) were grade III patients and ten (41.67%) were grade IV patients. Patients with grade V and grade VI were dealt by perihepatic packing as damage control surgery were excluded from this study.

Conclusions: Pedicled omentoplasty in blunt hepatic trauma can be used irrespective of the grade of liver injury. It should be used in combination with other procedures like debridement, segmental or unsegmental resection, control of active bleeding vessels, use of Pringles manoeuvre, selective hepatic artery ligation and even with deep mattress suturing. This helps in haemostasis, early healing and rapid recovery with minimum complications. 


Keywords


Blunt abdominal trauma, Damage control surgery, Hepatic trauma, Hepatorrhaphy, Liver injury, Omental packing, Perihepatic packing

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References


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