Serum albumin as predictor of post-operative morbidity and mortality

Latika Sharma, Poojan M. Purohit, Dharmendra Pipal, Saurabh Kothari, Harshit Srivastava, Amit Soni


Background: Protein energy malnutrition affects every organ system. So correct assessment of nutritional status is important as malnourishment is a risk factor for morbidity and morality in surgical patients. In our study, serum albumin has been taken as parameter for nutritional assessment.

Methods: Study is conducted on 50 patients admitted in Department of General Surgery, Dr. Sampurnanand Medical College and associated Hospital, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India for surgeries during January 2014-December 2015. Data was analyzed using Z-test and Fischer exact t-test and p value was calculated. P value <0.05 is considered statistically significant.

Results: Patients with serum albumin <3gm/dl had more complications with maximum number of complications in age group of 41-60 year group. This finding was statistically significant.

Conclusions: Low serum albumin patients has more post-operative complication than those with normal level and so is a good indicator of post-operative morbidity and mortality.


Malnourishment, Post-operative mortality, Serum albumin

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